Volume 5, Issue 2, April 2017, Page: 60-69
Impact of Riverbank Erosion on Population Migration and Resettlement of Bangladesh
Md. Shohel Rana, Department of Statistics, Noakhali Sciences and Technology University, Noakhali, Bangladesh
Ayesha Meherun Nessa, Department of Geography and Environment, Jahangirnagar University, Saver, Bangladesh
Received: Aug. 16, 2016;       Accepted: Aug. 31, 2016;       Published: Mar. 4, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.sjams.20170502.11      View  2043      Downloads  138
This study is concerned with riverbank erosion and population migration which has more impact on Bangladesh. The study is highly subject to riverbank erosion. Origin and Destination survey method are used for finding population migration and resettlement pattern and tracking population migration and resettlement. Riverbank erosion is causing socio-economic and environmental problems in Bangladesh. Different research had identified that people who suffered from riverbank erosion ended up as landless migrated people and this migration is a major contributory factor to recurrent poverty in Bangladesh. The study was found that two-third people migrate permanently one union to another union because they get support from their neighbors, relatives, friends and they also stay here due to low living cost comparatively another area. There are no specific policies to rehabilitate the erosion-hit people. Thus, it is time to formulate policies to address prevention of riverbank erosion as well as to rehabilitate the river-erosion migrants.
Erosion, Impact, Migration and Resettlement
To cite this article
Md. Shohel Rana, Ayesha Meherun Nessa, Impact of Riverbank Erosion on Population Migration and Resettlement of Bangladesh, Science Journal of Applied Mathematics and Statistics. Vol. 5, No. 2, 2017, pp. 60-69. doi: 10.11648/j.sjams.20170502.11
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Adamo, S. B. (2008), Addressing Environmentally Induced Population Displacements: A Delicate Task. Background Paper. In, Population-Environment Research Network Cyber Seminar on Environmentally Induced Population Displacements held on August 18-29.
Agrawala, S., Ota, T., Ahmed, A. U, Smith, J. and van Aalst, M. (2003), Development and Climate Change in Bangladesh: Focus on Coastal Flooding and the Sundarbans. Working Party on Global and Structural Policies, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris.
Akhter, R., (1984), Causes and Consequences of Migration to the City: A Case Study of Slum Dwellers in Dhaka, Unpublished Manuscript, Centre for Urban Studies, Bangladesh.
Alam, S. M. Nurul (1990), Perceptions of Flood Among Bangladeshi Villagers. Disasters 14 (4): 354-357.
BBS, 2000-2001. Statistical Yearbook of Bangladesh, Dhaka: Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.
Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS), (2003b), Bangladesh Population Census. National Vol., Bureau of Statistics, Ministry of Planning, Government of Bangladesh, Dhaka.
Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS), (2005), Population Census 2001-Community Series, Shibalaya, Manikganj.
Christian Aid (2007), Human Tide: The Real Migration Crisis. Retrieved from http: //www.christianaid.org.uk/Images/human-tide.pdf on June 12, 2011.
EGIS, (2000), Riverine Chars in Bangladesh: Environmental Dynamics and Management Issues, the University Press Limited, Dhaka, Bangladesh, pp. 88.
Elahi, K. M., (1972), Urbanization in Bangladesh: A Geodemographic Study, Oriental Geographer 16 (1): 39-48.
Elahi, K. M, Ahmed, Q. S. and Mafizuddin, M (eds.), (1991), Riverbank Erosion, Flood and Population Displacement in Bangladesh. Riverbank Erosion Impact Study, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka.
Haque, Chowdhury Emdadul (1987), Impact of Riverbank Erosion in Kazipur: An Application of Landsat Imagery. REIS Newsletters, Jahangirnagar University: Savar.
Hossain, M. Z., (1984), Riverbank Erosion and Population Displacement: A Case of Kazipur in Pabna. Unpublished thesis, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka.
Hunter, L. M.(2005), Migration and environmental hazards. Population and Environment 26 (4): 273-302.
Hutton, D. and Haque, C., 2004, Human Vulnerability, Dislocation and Resettlement: Adaptation Processes of River-bank Erosion-induced Displacees in Bangladesh, Disasters 28 (1): 41-62.
Islam, N., (1976), The Urban Poor in Bangladesh, Centre for Urban Studies, Dhaka.
Khan, A. A. M, (1982), Rural-Urban Migration and Urbanization in Bangladesh, The Geographical Review, 72 (4): 379-394.
Laczko, F. and Aghazarm, C. (2009), Migration, the Environment and Climate Change: Assessing the Evidence. International Organization for Migration, Geneva.
Mahmood, R. (1992), Bangladeshi Returned Migrants from the Middle East: Process, Achievement.
Mayer, H. M. and K. Clyde (1967), Reading Urban Geography, Allahabad: Central Book Depot.
Mengoni, B. and Mosselman, E., (2006), Analysis of Riverbank Erosion Processes: Cecina River, Italy, River, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics: RCEM 2005, Parker and Garcia (eds), Taylor & Francis Group, London, pp. 943-951.
Myers, N.(1997), Environmental Refugees: Population and Environment, 19 (2): 167-82.
Myers, N. and Kent, J. (1995), Environmental Exodus: An Emergent Crisis in the Global Arena. Climate Institute, Washington DC.
Saint, Willam S. and Goldsmith, Willam W. (1980), Cropping Systems Structural Changeand Rural- Urban Migration in Brazil, 8 (1), World Development Press Ltd.
Sarker, M. H., Hugue, I., Alam, M. and Koudstaul, R., (2003), Rivers, Chars and Char Dwellers of Bangladesh, Int. J. of River Basin Management, 1 (1): 61-80.
Shami, S. (1993), The Social Implications of Population Displacement and Resettlement: An Overview with a Focus on the Arab Middle East. International Migration Review. Vol 27, No 1. pp. 4-33.
Siddiqui, T. (2010), Climate Change and Human Insecurity: Migration as an Adaptation Strategy. Refugee and Migratory Movement Research Unit, Dhaka University, Bangladesh.
Stern, N. (2006), The Economics of Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, UK.
Tanjinul, H. M. and Jannatul, F. (2015), Riverbank Erosion, Population Migration and Rural vulnerability in Bangladesh (A case study on Kazipur Upazila at Sirajgonj district). Environment and Ecology Research 3 (5): 125-131.
Thorne, C. R., (1982), Processes and Mechanisms of River Bank Erosion, In Gravel-bed Rivers, Hey, R. D., Thorne, C. R., Bathurst, J. C. (eds), John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, pp. 227–271.
Walsham, M. (2010), Assessing the Evidence: Environment, Climate Change and Migration in Bangladesh: Internationa Organization for Migration, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Browse journals by subject