Volume 7, Issue 2, April 2019, Page: 8-14
Comparative Analysis of School Life Expectancy in Two Randomly Selected Basic Schools in Ghana: Using Life Table Functions and Survival Analysis
Bosson-Amedenu Senyefia, Department of Mathematics and ICT, Holy Child College of Education, Takoradi, Ghana
Danku Diaba Kafui, Department of Languages, Holy Child College of Education, Takoradi, Ghana
Opoku Frank, Department of Mathematics and ICT, Holy Child College of Education, Takoradi, Ghana
Received: Mar. 26, 2019;       Accepted: May 15, 2019;       Published: Jun. 4, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.sjams.20190702.11      View  141      Downloads  28
Abstract
This study applies life table functions and survival analysis to determine school life expectancy in Ghanaian private and public Basic Schools from grade 1 to grade 9 (JHS 3). The Kaplan Meier statistics such as Log Rank (Mantel-Cox), Breslow (Generalized Wilcoxon), and Tarone-Ware tests consistently showed a statistically significant difference between the male and female school dropout rate for private school pupils but showed statistically insignificant difference between male and female pupils’ dropout rate in public school pupils. The school life expectancy of grade 1 pupil in private and public schools were respectively found to be approximately 7 years for female and 8years for male; clearly showing that a grade one pupil in a private or public school who is a female has lower school life expectancy than the male counterparts. The survival curves for both private and public school cohorts showed that male pupils generally performed better than female counterparts. The survival curves and life table methods all established that peak dropout among male and female pupils generally occurred between grades 6 and 8 inclusive. It was also evident that average school life expectancy decreases with increasing age (i. e. with increasing grade levels). The study recommended further research to explore the effect of adolescent stage on the girl child education.
Keywords
Life Table Functions, Kaplan Meier, Demography, Survival Analysis, School Dropout, Life Expectancy
To cite this article
Bosson-Amedenu Senyefia, Danku Diaba Kafui, Opoku Frank, Comparative Analysis of School Life Expectancy in Two Randomly Selected Basic Schools in Ghana: Using Life Table Functions and Survival Analysis, Science Journal of Applied Mathematics and Statistics. Vol. 7, No. 2, 2019, pp. 8-14. doi: 10.11648/j.sjams.20190702.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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