Volume 8, Issue 1, February 2020, Page: 19-26
The Association Between Cancer Incidence, HIV Prevalence, and Gross Domestic Product in Uganda
Kelvin Roland Mubiru, Department of Statistical Methods and Actuarial Science, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
Hellen Namawejje, Department of Statistical Methods and Actuarial Science, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
Leonard Atuhaire, Department of Planning and Applied Statistics, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
Received: Jan. 25, 2020;       Accepted: Feb. 10, 2020;       Published: Feb. 14, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.sjams.20200801.13      View  320      Downloads  130
Abstract
This research examines the association of cancer incidence, HIV prevalence and gross domestic product in Uganda. The study utilised secondary data were Cancer data was obtained from the Kampala Cancer Registry, Uganda. Gross domestic product data from IMF’s World Economic Outlook and AIDS data from UNAIDS 2017 report. Multivariate time series analysis method was used covering a period from 1993 -2014. The research findings indicate that the Non-AIDS defining cancers, that is, stomach (p=0.000), eye (p=0.000), liver (p=0.000) and prostate (p=0.000) had a long run positive significant relationship with HIV prevalence while colon (p=0.002), lung (p=0.00) and breast (p=0.004) had a negative significant relationship with HIV prevalence. Also breast (p=0.00) and prostate (p=0.001) had a positive significant relationship with Gross domestic product while cancer of the lung (p=0.000) had a negative significant relationship with gross domestic product in Uganda. AIDS defining cancers such as Non-Hodgkin cancer (p=0.001) had a long run positive significant relationship with HIV prevalence while cervical (p=0.000) had a negative significant relationship with HIV prevalence. Cervical cancer (p=0.014) had a positive significant relationship with Gross domestic product in Uganda. The study recommends government to enhance policies that reduce HIV since it was observed that HIV had a significant relationship with cancer.
Keywords
Cancer Incidence, GDP, HIV Prevalence, Time Series Analysis
To cite this article
Kelvin Roland Mubiru, Hellen Namawejje, Leonard Atuhaire, The Association Between Cancer Incidence, HIV Prevalence, and Gross Domestic Product in Uganda, Science Journal of Applied Mathematics and Statistics. Vol. 8, No. 1, 2020, pp. 19-26. doi: 10.11648/j.sjams.20200801.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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