Volume 8, Issue 4, August 2020, Page: 53-59
Determinants of Under-five Deaths in Urban Parts of Ethiopia
Yenew Alemu, Department of Statistics, College of Natural and Computational Science, Injibara University, Injibara, Ethiopia
Mekonnen Tadesse, Department of Statistics, College of Natural and Computational Science, Addis Ababa University, Addis Abab, Ethiopia
Received: Jul. 28, 2019;       Accepted: Sep. 27, 2019;       Published: Sep. 21, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.sjams.20200804.12      View  44      Downloads  29
Abstract
Introduction: Under-five mortality rate is defined as the probability (expressed as a rate per 1 000 live births) of a child born in a specified year dying before reaching the age of five years subject to current age-specific mortality rates (UNICEF 2008). Objects: The objective of this study was to identify determinants of under-five mortality in urban parts of Ethiopia using the 2011 EDHS data. Methods: To achieve the objective of this study descriptive statistics and count regression models were used for data analysis using socio-economic, demographic and environmental related variables as explanatory variables and the number of under-five deaths per mother as the response variables. Results: Information on the number of deaths of under-five children obtained from a total of 1,807 women in the urban parts of Ethiopia was studied. From these, 328 women experienced 513 under-five deaths. From these, 328 women experienced 513 under-five deaths. Conversely, 81.8% of the women in urban areas never experienced under-5 death of their children. Nevertheless, 12%, 3.6%, 1.6%, 0.6%, 0.2%, 0.1% and 0.1% of them lost 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 of their under–five deaths, respectively. Conclusion: Factors influencing the number of under-five deaths have been identified. Mother’s level of education, age of mothers at the first birth, toilet facility and work/employment status of mothers were found to be statistically significant with the number of under-five deaths per mothers in urban parts of Ethiopia.
Keywords
Urban, Under Five Mortality, Count Regression Model
To cite this article
Yenew Alemu, Mekonnen Tadesse, Determinants of Under-five Deaths in Urban Parts of Ethiopia, Science Journal of Applied Mathematics and Statistics. Vol. 8, No. 4, 2020, pp. 53-59. doi: 10.11648/j.sjams.20200804.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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